Indonesian tourism infrastructure competitiveness

Ernawati Ernawati Ernawati Ernawati


Tourism infrastructure is the pillars that undermine the competitiveness of Indonesian
tourism. This study aims to determine the factors that weaken the competitiveness of
the tourism infrastructure in Indonesia. The data were analyzed descriptively.
Indicators of the strength and weakness of infrastructure competitiveness are
determined by performing a comparative value that obtained from every
competitiveness indicator published by the World Economic Forum period of 2015,
against four major competing countries in ASEAN (Singapore, Thailand, Malaysia,
and the Philippines). The results showed that some of the indicators that weakens the
competitiveness of Indonesia's infrastructure namely: quality of air transport
infrastructure, international airline seat, quality of roads, quality of port infrastructure,
and the ATMs accepting visa cards. Even the presence of major car rental companies
and extension of business trips recommended placed Indonesia in the final sequence
of the four major competitor countries in Southeast Asia. Indonesia only has three of
strength indicator of tourism infrastructure, consists of the domestic airline seat,
quality of railroad infrastructure and the quality of ground transport network.

Full Text:



BPS. 2015. Tingkat Penghunian Kamar Pada Hotel Bintang Menurut Provinsi Tahun 2004-2014.

BPS. 2015. Tingkat Penghunian Kamar Pada Hotel Non Bintang Menurut Provinsi Tahun 2004-2014.

Ekanayake, E. M., Halkides, M. and Ledgerwood, JR. 2012. Inbound International Tourism to the United States: a Panel Data

Analysis. International Journal of Management and Marketing Research, 5 (3): 15-27

Ibrahim, M.A. 2011. The Determinants of international tourism demand for Egypt: panel data evidence. European Journal of

Economics, Finance and Administrative Sciences, 30: 50-58

Jovanovic, S and Ilic, I. 2016. Infrastructure as Important Determinant of Tourism Development in The Countries of Southeast

Europe. Ecoforum, 5 (8): 288-294

Kemenpar. 2012. Neraca Satelit Pariwisata Nasional (NESPARNAS) 2012, Pusat Data dan Informasi Kementrian Pariwisata dan

Ekonomi Kreatif.

Kemenpar. 2013. Neraca Satelit Pariwisata Nasional (NESPARNAS) 2013, Pusat Data dan Informasi Kementrian Pariwisata dan

Ekonomi Kreatif.

Kemenpar. 2014. Neraca Satelit Pariwisata Nasional (NESPARNAS) 2014, Pusat Data dan Informasi Kementrian Pariwisata dan

Ekonomi Kreatif.

Kemenpar. 2016). Neraca Satelit Pariwisata Nasional 2000-2013.

Onyeocha, et al. 2015. The impact of road transportation infrastructure on tourism development in Nigeria. Pearl Journal of

Management, Social Science and Humanities, 1 (2), pp. 48-55

Porter M. E. 1990. The Competitive Advantage of Nations. London:

Proença, SA. and Soukiazis, E. 2005. Demand for Tourism in Portugal: a Panel Data Approach. CEUNEUROP. Discussion Paper,

Rahardja, M dan Manullang, P. 2005. Teori Ekonomi Makro, Suatu Pengantar (Edisi 3. Jakarta: Lembaga Penerbit FEUI

Seetanah et al. 2011. Does infrastructure matter in tourism development?. University of Mauritius Research Journal, 17 : 89-108

Wikipedia. Forum Ekonomi Dunia. Tersedia pada: Diakses:1 April 2018

World Economic Forum. 2007. The travel and tourism competitiveness report 2007: Furthering the process of economic

development, Geneva.

World Economic Forum. 2009. The travel and tourism competitiveness report 2009: Managing in a time of turbulence, Geneva.

World Economic Forum. 2011. The travel and tourism competitiveness report 2011: Beyond the downturn, Geneva.

World Economic Forum. 2013. The travel and tourism competitiveness report 2013: Reducing barriers to economic growth and job

creation, Geneva.

World Economic Forum. 2015. The Travel & Tourism Competitiveness Report 2015: Growth through shocks, Geneva.



  • There are currently no refbacks.

License URL:

Creative Commons License

The Copyright is reserved to the Jurnal Manajemen Motivasi that is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

website statistics