PERFORMA HEMATOLOGI IKAN TENGADAK (Barbonymus schwanenfeldii) YANG DIPELIHARA PADA BERBAGAI LEVEL AERASI AIR

eko dewantoro eko dewantoro

Sari


Ikan tengadak termasuk ikan air tawar yang memiliki prospek cerah sebagai komoditas akuakultur, namun informasi tentang karakter fisiologisnya belum banyak diketahui. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menganalisis level aerasi yang terbaik bagi kehidupan benih ikan tengadak berdasarkan performa haematologinya. Rancangan yang digunakan pada penelitian ini adalah Rancangan Acak Lengkap (RAL), sebagai perlakuan adalah level aerasi, yaitu 2 L, 6 L, 10 L dan 14 L/menit/40 L air. Peubah yang diamati terdiri dari peubah kualitas air (suhu, total alkalinitas, kejenuhan oksigen, dan total amonia nitrogen) dan performa hematologi (hemoglobin, eritrosit, hematokrit dan kadar glukosa darah). Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa kejenuhan oksigen semakin tinggi dengan meningkatnya level aerasi, yaitu dari rata-rata 86,19% jenuh (aerasi 2 L/menit/40 L air) menjadi 106,51% jenuh (pada aerasi 14 L/menit/40 L air). Suhu dan total alkalinitas air berada pada kisaran optimal, serta total amonia nitrogen (TAN) masih dapat ditoleransi oleh ikan. Aerasi 6 L, 10 L dan 14 L/menit/40 L air menghasilkan kadar hemoglobin lebih tinggi dan glukosa darah yang lebih rendah dari pada aerasi 2 L/menit/40 L air. Sedangkan untuk hematokrit, nilai tertinggi diperoleh pada aerasi 6 L dan 10 L/menit/40 L air

Teks Lengkap:

PDF

Referensi


American Public Health Association (APHA). 1995. Standard Methods For the Examination of Water and Wastewater, 19th Edition. American Public Health Association, Washington, DC. US.

Alamanda I.E., Handajani, N.S. & Budihardjo, A. 2007. Penggunaan metode hematologi dan pengamatan endoparasit darah untuk penetapan kesehatan ikan lele dumbo (Clarias gariepinus) di kolam budidaya Desa Mangkubumen Boyolali. Biodiversitas 8(1):34–38.

Baghizadeh, E. & Khara, H. 2015. Variability in hematology and plasma indices of common carp Cyprinus carpio, associated with age, sex and hormonal treatment. Iranian Journal of Fisheries Sciences 14(1):99–111.

Bartonkova, J., Hyrsl, P. & Vojtek, L. 2016. Glucose determination in fish plasma by two different moderate methods. Acta Vet. Brno 85:349–353.

Barton, B.A. Morgan, J.D. & Vljaya, M.M. 2002. Physiologicaland condition-related indicators of environmental stress in fish. Pages 111–148. in Adams S.M. ed. Biological Indicators of Aquatic Ecosistem Health. American Fisheries Society, Bethesda.

Blank, J.M., Morrissette, J.M., Farwell, C.J., Price, M., Schallert, R.J. & Block, B.A. 2007. Temperature effects on metabolic rate of juvenile Pacific bluefin tuna, Thunnus orientalis. The Journal of Experimental Biology 210:4254–4261.

Boyd, C.E. 1998a. Water quality for pond aquaculture. Research and Development series No. 43. International Center for Aquaculture and Aquatic Environment, Auburn Univrsity. Auburn, Alabama. 37 pp.

Boyd, C.E. 1998b. Pond water aeration systems. Aquacultural Engineering 18:9–40.

Chapman, L.J. 2015. Low-Oxygen Lifestyles. http://www.springer.com/978-3-319-13361-4.

Colt, J. & Kroeger, E. 2013. Impact of aeration and alkalinity on the water quality and product quality of transported tilapia—A simulation study. Aquaculture Engineering, 55:46–58.

Das, P.C., Jena, J., Mishra, B. & Pati, B.K. 2012. Impact of aeration on the growth performance of silver barb, Puntius gonionotus, during fingerling rearing. Journal of the World Aquaculture Society 43(1):128–134.

Da Silva, F.J.R., Lima, F.R.S., Do Vale, D.A. & Do Carmo e Sa, M.V. 2013. High levels of total ammonia nitrogen as NH4+ are stressful and harmful to the growth of Nile tilapia juveniles. Biological Sciences (35)4: 475-481

Dewantoro E., Dhahiyat Y., Rostika R., Zahidah & Iskandar, 2018 Growth performance of tinfoil barb (Barbonymus schwanenfeldii) fed with different protein levels and energy/protein ratios on diet. AACL Bioflux 11(4):1300–1310.

Dewantoro, E., Yudhiswara, N.R. & Farida. 2017. Pengaruh penyuntikan hormon ovaprim terhadap kinerja pemijahan ikan tengadak (Barbonymus schwanenfeldii). Jurnal Ruaya 5(2):1–9.

Dewantoro, E. 2015. Keragaan gonad ikan tengadak (Barbonymus schwanenfeldii) setelah diinjeksi hormon HCG secara berkala. Jurnal Akuatika 6(1):1–10.

De Souza, P.C. & Bonilla-Rodriguez, G.O. 2007. Fish hemoglobins. Brazilian Journal of Medical and Biological Research 40: 769–778.

Effendi, H. 2003. Telaah Kualitas Air Bagi Pengelolaan Sumberdaya dan Lingkungan Perairan. Penerbit Kanisius. Yogyakarta.

Ejraei, F., Ghiasi, M. & Khara, H. 2015. Evaluation of hematological and plasma indices in grass carp, Ctenopharyngodon idella, with reference to age, sex, and hormonal treatment. Arch. Pol. Fish 23: 163–170.

Fazio, F., Marafioti, S., Arfuso, F., Piccione, G. & Faggio, C. 2013. Comparative study of the biochemical and haematological parameters of four wild Tyrrhenian fish species. Veterinarni Medicina 58 (11): 576–581.

Francesco, .F, Satheeshkumar, P., Kumar, D.S., Caterina, F & Giuseppe, P. 2012. A Comparative study of hematological and blood chemistry of Indian and Italian Grey Mullet (Mugil cephalus Linneaus 1758). HOAJ Biology, 1:5. http://dx.doi.org/10.7243/2050-0874-1-5.

Gaffar, A.K. & Nasution, Z. 1990. Upaya Domestikasi Ikan Perairan Umum Indonesia. Jurnal Penelitian dan Pengembangan Pertanian. 9(4):69–75.

Gaulke, G.L., Dennis III, C.E., Wahl, D.H. & Suski, C.D. 2014. Acclimation to a low oxygen environment alters the hematology of largemouth bass (Micropterus salmoides). Fish Physiol Biochem 40:129–140.

Geetha, S. 2014. Studies on the effects of water PH changes on hematological parameters in Gerres filamentosus (Cuvier). International Journal of Environmental Sciences 4(5):983–986.

Handeland, S.O., Imsland, A.K. & Stefansson, S.O. 2008. The effect of temperature and fish size on growth, feed intake, food conversion efficiency and stomach evacuation rate of Atlantic salmon post-smolts. Aquaculture 283:36–42.

Huwoyon, G.H. & Kusmini, I.I. 2010. Pertumbuhan ikan tengadak albino dan hitam (Barbonymus schwanenfeldii) dalam kolam. Jurnal Iktiologi Indonesia 10(1):47–54.

Jawad, L.A., Al–Mukhtar, M. A. & Ahmed, H. K. 2004. The relationship between haematocrit and some biological parameters of the Indian shad, Tenualosa ilisha (Family Clupeidae). Animal Biodiversity and Conservation 27(2):47–52.

Kandeepan, C. 2014. Effect of Stress on haematological parameters of air breathing loach Lepidocephalus thermalis (Cuv&Val). International Journal of Current Research and Academic Review 2(8):309–322.

Mansour O., Idris M., Noor M.N. & Das S.K., 2017 Growth performance of tinfoil barb (Barbonymus schwanenfeldii) fry feeding with different protein content diets. AACL Bioflux 10(1):475–479.

Martínez-Porchas, A., Martínez-Córdova, L.R. & Ramos-Enriquez, R. 2009. Cortisol and Glucose: Reliable indicators of fish stress? Pan-American Journal of Aquatic Sciences 4(2):158–178.

Musuka, C.G., Likongwe, J.S., Kang’ombe, J. Jere, W.W.L. & Mtethiwa, A.H. 2009. The Effect of Dietary Protein and Water Temperatures on Performance of T. rendalli Juveniles Reared in Indoor Tanks. Pakistan Journal of Nutrition 8 (10):1526–1531.

Nelson, J.A. and Chabot, D. 2011. General energy metabolism. Page 1566–1572. In Farrell A.P., editor. Encyclopedia of Fish Physiology: From Genome to Environment. Volume 3. Academic Press. San Diego.

Nyanti, L., Abu-Rashid, N.N.K., Ling, T.Y., Soo, C.L., Sim, S.F. & Grinang, J. 2017. Acidification tolerance of Barbonymus schwanenfeldii (Bleeker, 1854) and Oreochromis niloticus (Linnaeus, 1758) – implication of fish size. AACL Bioflux 10(4):746–753.

Pawar, N., Jena, J.K. & Das, P.C. 2014. Influence of aeration timings on growth, survival and production of Labeo rohita (Hamilton) fingerlings during high density seed rearing. Fishery Technology 51:1–7.

Sado, R.Y., De Almeida Bicudo, A.J. & Cyrino, J.E.P. 2014. Hematology of juvenile pacu, Piaractus mesopotamicus (Holmberg, 1887) fed graded levels of mannan oligosaccharides (MOS). Lat. Am. J. Aquat. Res. 42(1): 30–39.

Salasia, S.I.O., Sulanjari, D. & Ratnawati, A. 2001. Studi Hematologi Ikan Air Tawar. Jurnal Biologi.2:710–723.

Shultz, A.D., Murchie, K.J., Griffith, C., Cooke, S.J., Danylchuk, A.J., Goldberg, T.L. & Suski, C.D. 2011. Impacts of dissolved oxygen on the behavior and physiology of bonefish: Implications for live-release angling tournaments. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology 402:19–26.

Vazquez, G.R. & Guerrero, G.A. 2007. Characterization of blood cells and hematological parameters in Cichlasoma dimerus (Teleostei, Perciformes). Tissue and Cell 39:151–160.

Wang, C., King V, W. & Woods III, L.C. 2004. Physiological indicators of divergent stress responsiveness in male striped bass broodstock. Aquaculture 232:665–678.

Wedemeyer, G.A. 1996. Physiology of Fish in Intensive Culture System. Chapman and Hall. New York–Toronto.

Wurts, W.A. & Durborow, R.M. 1992. Interactions of pH, Carbon Dioxide, Alkalinity and Hardness in Fish Ponds. Southern Regional Aquaculture Center (SRAC) Publication No. 464. 4 pp.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.29406/jr.v7i2.1371

Refbacks

  • Saat ini tidak ada refbacks.


Creative Commons License

The Copyright is reserved to the Jurnal Ruaya that is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License website statistics