COLLOCATIONS SEBAGAI TASK-BASED LANGUAGE TEACHING UNTUK MENINGKATKAN SPEAKING FLUENCY PADA MATA KULIAH ENGLISH FOR ACADEMIC PURPOSES

Yuniarti Yuniarti, Ryani Yulian Yuniarti Yuniarti
Ryani Yulian

Abstract


Minimnya exposure dalam berbicara bahasa Inggris dan lemahnya pengetahuan akan penggunaan ekspresi atau frasa kalimat yang tepat, lazim dan wajar seringkali  menjadi faktor ketidaklancaran dalam speaking. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk meningkatkan speaking fluency menggunakan collocations sebagai Task-based Language Teaching (TBLT). Dengan menerapkan metode  penelitian tindakan kelas (Classroom Action Research), penelitian ini melibatkan 28 mahasiswa program studi Pendidikan Guru Pendidikan Anak Usia Dini (PG PAUD) Universitas Muhammadiyah Pontianak.  Penelitian ini dilakukan dalam dua siklus yang menghasilkan peningkatan nilai rata-rata speaking performance mahasiswa secara signifikan yaitu dari 55.50 menjadi 68.50. Selain itu, persepsi mahasiswa terhadap penggunaan collocations sebagai Task-based Language Teaching  dalam meningkatkan speaking fluency sangat baik dan positif karena metode ini melatih dan membiasakan  untuk menggunakan istilah bahasa Inggris yang tepat, lazim, dan wajar seperti yang biasa digunakan oleh penutur asli / native speaker (88%), memberikan kesempatan mahasiswa  untuk belajar bahasa Inggris secara komunikatif dan kolaboratif (85%), dan meningkatkan rasa percaya diri dalam hal kelancaran dan kefasihan (82%) serta  menambah pengetahuan  tentang frasa dan penggabungan kata (87%). Oleh karena itu, pembelajaran bahasa Inggris berbasis tugas menunjukkan  bahwa penggunaan collocations sebagai task-based language teaching efektif  dalam meningkatkan speaking fluency mahasiswa.

Keywords


Collocations; Task-based Language Teaching (TBLT); fluency; speaking performance.

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.29406/jpk.v8i2.1872

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